1. Dictionary  definitions  are  edited  entries   { JBY
from WP Random-House  "Webster's 
Electronic Dictionary
" (RH) or Oxford University Press 
"Concise Electronic Dictionary"   (OUP) 

Etymology from RH or OUP ]

Merriam-Webster Dictionary OnLine -  Based  on
Merriam-Webster's Collegiate(R) Dictionary, 
Tenth Edition.
Garth Kemerling's
A Dictionary of Philosophical Terms and Names.

      < E1:Parkinson:2601 >
The   definitions   as  given  in  the  dictionaries  are  the 
everyday language usages, and are generally synonyms or properties of the word {x = x, an identity}—not the nature 
{cause} thereof {x = y; where y = posited cause}. Spinoza attempts to find the cause. 
                         ^  E1:Parkinson:2602, E3:Hampshire:138 

Ethics: Part III: Def. of the Emotions XX Explanation:178 

The  following  note  is  very  important
in understanding Spinoza's insights.








Fully  CAPITALIZED  words  do not necessarily have their everyday meaning; they are precisely defined terms, much like letting x=y (where y is the cause by hypothesis). If I fatally deviate from these precise definitions, the logical structure collapses (D:2.12), Please call me to account at  

This capitalization is a JBY convention; not  Spinoza's.  

A degree sign (°) indicates that the term constantly varies in degree when it is a mode, but not when it is an  attributeCalculus:Fig.3, Calculus:4.4.
The dictionary definitions do not  stress  such variations. 
Note 1Calculus:Fig.1(a), Calculus:Fig.1(b), E1:XIII:54, E1:XV(40):58 

°P symbolizes the variation in degree of Perpetuation 
°PERPETUATION and °PERFECTION are equivalent terms. 
Calculus:Table 1, Calculus:Fig.3, VariesE3:XI(2)Note:138, I:Table 1. 



3. Symbols:
{ -- } 
  Indicates a JBY comment or statement. 
[ -- ]   Indicates a Curley's translation or comment. 
] -- [   Indicates a Shirley's translation or comment. 
<-->  Indicates a Parkinson's translation or comment.  
>--<  Indicates a De Dijn's translation or comment.

4. Bibliography and Citation Abbreviations:

Online Book-Ordering for Listed Books:
    Click Book or ISBN No. for an order form.
    Where available, click on book title to sample book. 
    Booksellers: Abebooks, Albris. 
    See this Interesting Canadian library source.  
I receive commissions on orders placed with Amazon.  
All commissions received are turned over to: 
     North American Spinoza Society. 
     Executive Secretary: Steven Barbone

Conjecture:   It will be a happy day when all books are 
electronically published, and referenced page numbers given herein immediately available. 

Book I – Benedict de Spinoza On the Improvement of  
the Understanding
,  The Ethics - Parts I , II , III , IV , V  
and Correspondence. Unabridged Elwes 1883 translations
(based on Bruder's 1843 Latin Text,) are as published in Dover Publications, 1951; ISBN 048620250X. 
That it is still in print is a testament to the enduring relevance of many of its parts.

On  the  Improvement  of  the  Understanding (TEI):
TEI:[Curley's Para. #  from Bk.III: Sentence #, if given]:
                 Book I Page #

The Ethics:
Part #: Axiom, Definition, or Proposition #
(Sentence #, if given):Book I Page #, if given.
E1:D.VI(xx):45   or   1P28.

Letter #: Book I Page #,
Footnote or Endnote #
Elwes's Letter Numbering is as found in the Opera Posthuma. 
Letter Numbers in parenthesis are as arranged by Van Vloten 
and are those used in Book XIII.  
Bk.I:2751, EL:JBY Endnotes.   

All of my Spinoza Works come from Book I or Book II. Page numbers of these books are given on the electronic version so that they may be correlated with the book for reference, editing or correcting scanning errors. Please e-mail me of scanning errors at:

The Books I & II page numbers (when given) for citations, afford the
convenience of using the books for the citations while keeping the
screen focused on the source.

Book II  –   Benedict de Spinoza  A  Theologico-Political 
Treatise, A Political Treatise, and Elwes's Introduction. Unabridged Elwes 1883 translations (based on Bruder's 1843 Latin Text) are as published in Dover Publications 1951, ISBN 0486202496.   

That it is still in print is a testament to the enduring relevance of many of its parts.
For sub-title of TTP see Book XI:46. 
For Title Page of
"A Political Treatise" see Book II:279. 

A Theologico-Political Treatise (TTP) Part #:
Chapter # (Sentence #):
Book II Page #

A Political Treatise (TP) Part #:
Chapter #: Paragraph #: Sentence #, if given.
Book II Page #, if given.

Elwes' Introduction:[Para. # ]:Book II Page #

Book III – Herman De Dijn's Spinoza: The Way of  
; Purdue Univ. Press; ISBN: 1557530823. 
The translation of Spinoza's On the Improvement of 
the  Understanding
is from Edwin Curley's Book VIII.  

Book III: Page #, Footnote or Endnote #

This book is a valuable commentary on Spinoza's "Treatise on the Emendation of the Intellect" ( Book I ). It has the Gebhardt Latin text and Curley's English translation on facing pages.  

It describes in great detail Spinoza's Method for acquiring Wisdom.

Book IV  (7 Volumes) – The  Pentateuch;  translated & 
explained (1873) by Rabbi   Samsom Raphael Hirsch 
(1808-1888). Translated and Published by Isaac Levy. 
237 Stoke Newington Church St. London N.16, England, 
Copyright 1959.  Judaica Press, Brooklyn, NY. 
(718) 972-6000; ISBN 0910818126. 

Hirsch's   non-conventional    translations   and   profound   Hebrew etymologically-based commentary trigger insights. His rationalistic 
concepts  of   the  Oneness  of  G-D,   puts  him  in  Spinoza's  and 
Einstein's  class.   Get  behind  the  anthropomorphisms  and  find
Deus sive Natura.
There is much you will not agree with; or even (if you are a
Christian or Non-Orthodox Jew) be turned-off by. However
partake of the work as you would a pomegranate; relish the
flesh, but spit-out the pits.  
Use  with  Strong, Gesenius  and  Bible Works's.

From Book Reviews. from New York, New York, USA , 11/06/97,
rating=10: Hirsch's commentary provides illuminating  insights  from the Oral Law to the Shulchan Aruch. 

    Hirsch Pentateuch: Biblical Book, Chapter: Verse
    HirPent: Gen 43:14

Book V ( 2 Volumes) – The Psalms  translated  & 
commentary (1882) by Rabbi Samsom Raphael Hirsch. 
Translated into English by Gertrude Hirschler. 
Copyright 1960 by Philipp Feldheim, Inc., New York, NY. 
Eichler's Book Store, Brooklyn, NY, (718)258-7643.  
See Book IV comments above.  

Volume 1 - Psalms   1 to 72.
Volume 2 - Psalms 73 to 150.

Hirsch Psalms:Vol. #:Psalm #:Verse
HirPs:1:19:10 or HirPsalm:1:19:10

    Psalm 1:1:1
Book VI – H.W.F. Gesenius's Hebrew-Chaldee Lexicon to the {Hebrew Bible}; Baker Books, 1997;
ISDN: 0801037360. 
Numerically Coded to Strong's Exhaustive Concordance.  
                 Gesenius:Page Number
The  coding  system  allows  the  Bible  student without a knowledge of Hebrew  to  use  this  classic  work  to  find  the  precise meaning and  connotations of the Hebrew or Aramaic word behind the English word being  studied.  Being  a  lexicon, its entries are more exhaustive than are Strong's. Study roots and related words of the 'word'–example the word 'pity' . 
Book VII – "Baruch Spinoza; The Ethics: Treatise on the 
Emendation of the Intellect and Selected Letters
Translated by Samuel Shirley; Edited, with Introductions,
by Seymour Feldman; Hackett Publishing Company,1992; ISBN: 0872201309.  

Get the hardcover; my paperback fell apart. 
Especially see Deus, Cause, Idea. 

Book VII: Page #, Footnote or Endnote #

Book VIII (Volume 1) – The Collected Works of Spinoza; 
Edited and Translated by Edwin Curley; 1985; Princeton 
University  Press; (609)883-1759; ISBN: 0691072221. 
Available in a CD-ROM from IntLex's Past Master Series;
The Continental Rationalists, Spinoza, Descartes, & Leibniz. 
I  have added Curley's TEI Paragraph Numbers (which he took from
Bruder; Book VIII, Page 6)  to  the Elwes translation. This I hope, will
facilitate translation comparisons. If this is the same Bruder, strange
Elwes  did not use the Paragraph Numbers, unless Elwes' copy had
no such numbers. 

    Book VIII: Page #, Footnote or Endnote #

Book IX – James Strong  Strong's Exhaustive Con- cordance; Baker Books, 1997;  ISBN: 0801081084   

Includes Dictionaries of Hebrew and Greek words (Strong Numbers).
Gesenius, Book VI, has more exhaustive Hebrew entries which lead to more insights. Study root and related words of the 'word'–example, the word 'pity'.

Also  may  be  found  in  CD  "Bible Works for Windows"
with complete Christian and Hebrew Bibles - Bible Works.
I  highly  recommend  this  CD;  I  find  it  indispensable. 

    Strong: Hebrew or Greek Word #
    Translations are combined with Bk.VI.

Book X – William James Pragmatism; Hackett
Publishing Co., 1981;  ISBN: 0915145057.
Especially see "verbal quibble , cash (effective) value." 
Pragmatism: Lecture II - What Pragmatism Means  

    Book X: Page #, Footnote or Endnote #

Book XI – Baruch Spinoza; Tractatus-Theologico- Politicus Second Edition; Translated by Samuel Shirley; 
Introduction by Brad S. Gregory;
Brill Paperbacks,  ISBN: 9004095500. 
I express my appreciation and thanks to Mr. Shirley, Mr. Gregory, 
and Brill Paperbacks for their kind permission to make extensive 
use of the footnotes.   

    Book XI: Page #, Footnote or Endnote #

Book XIA  –  Spinoza,  Liberalism,  and  the  Question of
Jewish Identity
Steven B. Smith; Yale University Press,
1997; ISBN: 0300076657.

    Book XIA: Page #, Endnote #

Book XIB  – Spinoza  And The Rise Of Liberalism;
Lewis S. Feuer, 1958; Transaction Books, 1987;

ISBN: 0887387012. Many allusions to Sigmund Freud, p.313.

    Book XIB: Page #, Endnote #

Book XII – Spinoza: His Life and Philosophy by Frederick
Pollock; Reprint Edition; Published by Irvington Publishing;
Publication date: June 1980; ISBN: 0697000559. 
Originally published in 1880; this book is a Spinoza standard. 

    Book XII: Page #, Footnote or Endnote #

Book XIII – Spinoza: The Letters; Translated by Samuel Shirley; Introduction and Notes  by Steven Barbone, Lee 
Rice, and Jacob Adler.  Hackett Publishing Company, Inc. 
Copyright 1995; ISBN: 0872202755.  

I recommend reading the Letters in Book XIII because of its
Introduction and informative footnotes.

Book XIV – The Philosophy of Spinoza by Harry A. Wolfson Harvard; University Press; Copyright date: 1934; 
Published September 1958; Library of Congress Catalog No. 58-11928; Reprint edition 1983, ISBN: 0674665953.  

This book is an indispensable standard in Spinoza literature. 
The Preface alone is worth the "price-of-admission". 
EL:Feuer:11651E5:Wolfson:2:330, Bk.XIV:2:351. 
Wolfson's  Outline of Spinoza's "The Ethics"  

            Book XIV:Volume Number:Page #, Footnote or Endnote #

Book XV Benedict de Spinoza The Ethics - Parts I, II, III, IV, V and On the Improvement of the Understanding. 
Links  are  to  Book 1  for  translation  comparisons. 
Translated by Andrew Boyle 1910 (based on Bruder's 1843 Latin Text); Revised by G. H. R. Parkinson 1993; with an Introduction and Notes by G. H. R. Parkinson. 
Everyman Paperback Classics; ISBN: 0460873474.  

I  recommend  
Book  XV  for  its informative Introduction, endnotes, and translations using less archaic terms—especially the endnotes.
Endnote example: < E1:Parkinson:2601 >.

    Book XV: Page #, Footnote or Endnote #

Book XVI – Ronald W. Clark Einstein - The Life and Times. 1947; reprinted by Avon Books, 1971; ISBN: 038001159X.   

    Book XVI: Page #

Book XVII – Stephen Hawking A Brief History of Time
A Bantam Book;  ISBN: 0553380168.  Big Bang.

    Book XVII: Page #

Book XVIII  –  A Study of Spinoza's Ethics; 
Jonathan Bennett; Hackett Publishing Company, 1984; 
ISBN: 0915145839.   For abbreviations see Bk.XVIII:3. 
Often critical of, and attempts to psycho-analyse Spinoza
From backcover— 
           "I think that this is the most exciting book on Spinoza 
                       that I have read for a long time.
            It is written with great intelligence, lucidity, and verve,  
        and although often highly critical it is not merely negative.
            I have no doubt that scholars will want to argue . . .
 a stimulating book, which will make its readers think."
                                      G. H. R. PARKINSON, Reading University

                                          Gebhardt's Spinoza Opera (4 vols.  1925).
    Book XVIII: Page #, Volume #/Page #/Line #.
    Book XVIII: Page #, Part # 5, Proposition P1; or Footnote #. 

Book XIX – Expressionism in Philosophy: Spinoza; 
Gilles Deleuze; Translated from the French by Martin
Joughin; Zone Books, 1990; ISBN: 0942299515.

    Book XIX: Page #, Endnote # (Deleuse) or letter (Joughin).

Book XX –  Steven M. Nadler  Spinoza - A Life
Cambridge University Press 1999; ISBN: 0521552109.

    Book XX: Page #, Endnote #.

See Nadler's entry in "Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy".

Book XXI –  Kenneth R. Miller Finding Darwin's God
Cliff Street Books, 1999; ISBN: 0060175931.

    Book XXI: Page #, Endnote #.

Change  Miller's  definition  of  God  (Pg. 222)  from the traditional Judaic-Christian-Islam transcendent God  to Spinoza's immanent G-D and the book could be titled "Finding Spinoza's G-D" or even  "Finding Einstein's G-D",  and possibly  "Finding Darwin's G-D".  
See Religion and Grace. 

Book XXII - "The Book of G-D" by Baruch Spinoza as published by Philological Library, Inc.; edited and with an Introduction by Dagobert D. Runes. The translation of the Short Treatise given was by Dr. A Wolf.  

I conjecture that Runes heavily edited Wolf''s translation for it differs (briefer and rearranged) from Book XXIII. Compare the Table of Contents of the two books; Bk. XXII, XXIII 

Book XXIII - Spinoza: His Life and Treatise on God and Man; Translated and edited, with an Introduction and Commentary and a Life of Spinoza by A Wolf, M.A., D.Lit.,  D.Lit., and published in 1910 by Adam and Charles Black, 
of London.  
This book was reissued in 1963 by Russel & Russel, Inc.
L. C. Catalog Card No: 63--15183.

Book XXIV - Soncino Books of the Bible; Editor: Rev. Dr.Cohen, M.A., Ph.D., D.H.L. and Published by the Soncino Press LTD, London,1958; A fourteen volume set; books may be bought separately.  

The Psalms - Commentary by Dr. Cohen.
Isaiah - Commentary by
Rev. Dr. Slotki.
Micah - Commentary by Rev. Dr. Goldman.

Book XXV - Spinoza Dictionary as published by Philological Library Inc.; edited and with an Introduction by Dagobert D. Runes; with a Forward by Albert Einstein; c.1951; reprinted by Greenwood Press, Westport, Conn., 1976; ISBN: 0837192935.  

The book is out-of-print; but may be obtained used here, where I got my copy. Search for Author "Runes".

Book XXVI - Antonio Damasio Looking for Spinoza: Joy, Sorrow, and the Feeling Brain; Harcourt, Inc, 2003;
ISBN: 0151005575.

    Book XXVI: Page #, Endnote #.
    Bk.XXVI:191  or   Damasio:187

Book XXVII - Daniel C. Dennett Consciousness Explained; Little, Brown and Company 1991;
ISBN: 0316180661.
   As a Computer:433

    Book XXVII: Page #, Endnote #.
    Bk.XXVII:191  or   Dennett:302

Book XXVIII - Joseph E. LeDoux Synaptic Self: How Our                                           Brains Become Who We Are.
Penguin Books 2002;
 ISBN: 0142001783.     ROM & RAM:178

    Book XXVIII: Page #, Endnote #.
    Bk.XXVIII:191  or   LeDoux:302

Book XXIX - Joseph E. LeDoux The Emotional Brain: the
             Mysterious Underpinnings of Emotional Life"
Touchstone 1996; ISBN: 0684836599.    Functionalism:27, 28

                           LeDoux96:281—Is Consciousness Computable?

    Book XXIX: Page #, Endnote #.
    Bk.XXIX:191  or   LeDoux96:19

Book XXX - Antonio Damasio Descartes Error: Emotion, Reason, and the Human Brain; Quill, 1994; 
ISBN: 0380726475.                Damasio94:249—Descartes' Error

    Book XXX: Page #, Endnote #.
    Bk.XXX:191  or   Damasio94:19

Book XXXI - Antonio Damasio The Feeling of What Happens: Body and Emotion in the Making of Consciousness; Harcourt, 1999; ISBN: 0151003696.

    Book XXXI: Page #, Endnote #.
    Bk.XXXI:191  or   Damasio99:19

For online-ordering of all listed books see Note 4.

5. Tape 1 - The Teaching Company's Three part Philosophy of Religion; 18 cassetttes (36 lectures), 3 course guidebooks (CG1, CG2, & CG3), and 3 transcript books (TB1, TB2, & TB3); all by Professor James H. Hall, Ph.D.  

Tape 2 - The Teaching Company's Biology and Human Behavior: The Neurological Origins of Individuality;
4 cassettes (8 lectures), Course Buidebook (CG1); all by Professor Robert Morris Sapolsky, Ph.D. 

Tape 3 - The Teaching Company's God and Mankind: Comparative Religions; 4 cassettes (8 lectures), Course Buidebook (CG1); all by Professor Robert Oden, Ph.D. 

Tape 4 - The Teaching Company's Einstein’s Relativity and the Quantum Revolution: Modern Physics for  Nonscientists; 12 cassetes (24 lectures), 2 course guidebooks (CG1 & CG2), and 2 transcript books (TB1 & TB2); all as taught by Prof. Richard Wolfson, Ph.D.  

Tape 5 - The Teaching Company's Two part Particle Physics for Non-Physicists: A Tour of the Microcosmos;
12 cassetes (24 lectures), 2 course guidebooks (CG1 & CG2), and 2 transcript books (TB1 & TB2); all as taught by Professor Steven Pollock, Ph.D. 

I highly recommend
these tapes.


6. Kindly send e-mail for clarification request, 
disagreement, or suggestion for additions 
to Glossary to 
7. Suggestion:   Do not read this Glossary as you would 
a  novel  but  rather  select a head-word or Topic and 
then follow all its links in turn wherever they may lead.  
You  will  then  be putting  hypertexting  to  its  fullest 
and best advantage—the fuller discussion of a thread. 
If you do not stick to one thread at a time, this Web Site 
will be very convoluted, confusing, and an annoying maze. 

If you prefer to read linearly, read these plain vanilla text versions, abridged versions, e-book versions, or best,
study the printed book—book page numbers
are given for most scanned books. 

For further Topics to follow see Terry Neff 's "Topic Index". 

Also for Spinoza's Ethics see a "Logical Index" prepared by Lancelot R. Fletcher: it helps to understand Spinoza's Definitions, Axioms, and Propositions if seen how they 
are used later-on in the Work. The small print links to such later-on use.

    Durant's Story



  Tickle the Fancy

8. The secret to understanding Spinoza is to POSIT (as a working hypothesis) "1D6 ONE" Synthesized. 
                        The Foundation Rock.
TEI:[104]:38, JBYnote1. 

Spinoza's  MOTIVE for everything he says, is to lay the 
groundwork for teaching the "Organic interdependence
of Parts." Remember this and all his puzzling sayings, 
for example G-D, become more, if not completely, 

Spinozistic insights in a nutshell:
    1.  °Perpetuation and Conatus (ultimately PcM)
    2.  °JOY.
    3.  °LOVE.
    4.  Self-interest and Enlightenment.     
    5.  Religion and °Peace-of-Mind.
    6.  Organic Interdependence. 
    7.  Cash (effective) Value. 
If  I  have  not  gotten  these  across,  I  have  failed 
to  explain  Spinoza  or  to  achieve  my  Purpose. 

Meditate on.



Abstractions: G-D, Deus, Being, ONE, J---vah, Allah, Buddha, Krishna, Jesus, Mary,                              Hampshire202, Language, Fences, Foundation Rock.

ACCELERATION , I:Table 1, I:Table 3, I:1.7, I:1.11, D:1.23d.

Active, E3:I:130, Passive, E1:XXIX(8):68, E3:I(8):13, E3:III:135, E3:XI(2):138, E3:GN(2)N,

         E4:XXIII:204, E4:XXVIII(2):205, E4:Ap.II:236, E5:IV(7):249, E5:XLII(1):270, EL:[54]:xxvi.

        E3:Def.II:129   Bk.XIV:2:1931.

Adequate - Inadequate, Idea, TEI:[29]:11, TEI:[35]:13, TEI:[73]:27,

          E2:XXXIV:108, E3:I:130, E5:XVII(1):255,EL:[50]:xxvi, EL:[54]:xxvi, EL:[60]:xxix,

        TTP2:Note 8, TEI:L64(60):395, Common Notions.

WikipediA, Introduction. Ridley's Altruism.
Altruism, D:1.35, Charity, Duty, ONE, Pity, D:1.8, D:1.33b, D:1.34a, D:1.35a, Sign Names,
        E3:LIX(6):172, E2:Endnote 3, HirPent:Gn 43:14,
Mark TwainAltruism does not Exist,         Egoism,  Ayn RandDawkin's:546, Ridley:3,  

Neff , Bk.XIV:1:xiii, xv.
Attribute, I:1.4b, I:1.5b, Mode, Analogy,G–D, TTP3:XIII(16):176, Calculus:5:1,
        E1:XVI:59,EL:[42, 43]:xxiii., Neff EL:L04(04):282, Bk.XIX:1612.  

Awareness, Insight, Cash Value, Organic, °BELIEF, D:1.28, E3:D.6N,
      Mysticism, Consciousness, Intellectual Love of G-D, Enlightenment.

WikipediA, Britannica
Axiom, I:1.3, Euclidean, Knowledge, I:1.4, I:1.6, I:1.7, D:1.4, D:2.2,
         TEI:[38]:14, TEI:[93]:34, Ethics:Part 1: Ax. I to VII, Common Notion.

°BEAUTY, I:1.2a , Calculus:Fig.1(b), °UGLYI:2.5c, EL:L15(32):290, E1:Shirley:609.

BEING, G-D, being, 5P17, Hebrew, Spinoza's Religion,

WikipediA, Britannica,
°BELIEF, °FAITH, faith, Hypothesis, Religion, Mark Twain, William James,
         Pragmatic, Cash Value,I:1.11ff, Awareness, °LOVE, °HATE,  

Neff, WikipediA, Bk.XIV:1:xxiv, xxv.
Blessedness, Salvation, °PcM, Religion, Serenity, Intellectual love of G-D, Loves G-D,

BOREDOM, I:Table 2, I:1.1, I:1.6, I:1.10, D:1.19ff, D:1.21.

WikipediA, Britannica
Calculus, Infinitesimal Calculus, Derivative, Waves, I:1.3

Final CausesBk.XIV:1:xix, WikipediA, Britannica.
Cause, G:Note 1, definition, hypothesis,D:2.11ff, I:2.5c, TEI:[92]:34, Calculus:6.2b & c,

G:Shirley:2512 - Cause (causa). EL:L21(73):297,  adequate cause.                   E1:Parkinson:2602
                                                         Bk.XIV:2:1432TEI:[96(3)]:35, proximate cause.       Robinson3:170

Britannica.          see
Charity, Pity, Altruism, Compassion, Holy, Mercy, Organic, Piety,
        Equity, Self-interest, Mother Theresa, TTP1:V(18):71, E4:L:221.

WikipediA, Britannica,
Commandment, Duty, Obedience, Piety, Sacred, Divine Law+1, Mark Twain,
         TTP4:XVII(49):219, D1:HirLev 19:18, Word of G-D, TTP1:Smith:109.

Bk.XIV:1:xxiii., Bk.III:240.
Conatus, Perpetuation, Secret, EL:[55]:xxvii, E2:Wolfson:178, E3:Endnote 6:0, 6:0a, & 11:0,
            Bk.XV:278111 onE3:VI:136, Bk.XV:278112on E3:VII:136, D:1.7, E4:Dijn:34,
         First law of nature,  Increased or Diminished, MarkTwain, Langer. 

Deduction, I:2.1,TTP1:V(66):76, E2:XLVII(3):118, Hypothesis, Insight, Bombardi.

Neff, WikipediA,
Definition, Hypothesis, I:2.5c, axiom, cause, I:1.1ff, D:1.3ff, D:1.26b, D:2.13, D:2.11ff,                  TEI:[92-97]:34, E1:VIII(17):49, The Pragmatic Method.

Neff, WikimediA, Britannica                  Biology of EmotionsANS, James' Bear, Robinson3:109.
Definitions of the Emotions
- E3:Def:173, E3:GenDef:185, E3:Pfc(12):129.

Derivative, Calculus, Modification, Emotion, Mode, Change, I:1.6, I:1.7

         RH— the  instantaneous  rate-of-change of one quantity in a
                  function with respect to another. 

DeterminismFree-WillFree-Choice, Circumstance, L:[48], Britannica, 2P49,
       EndnoteDeVII, Mark Twain, Other Determinism Links, Stace:125, Popkin:71 - repent, 

Neff, WikipediA, Britannica.
°DESIRE, appetiteinstinct (Appetitus), E3:XXXVII:155, E4:Def.VII:191, E5:IV(7):249,

        EL:[55]:xxvii, TTP1(3:21):45.E3:De.I:173

, I:2.8c, I:2.13b,BkX:56, Quibble, EL:[64]:xxxi, Christian Dogmas, TTP3:XIV(39):185,          TTP3:XIV(43, 45, 47):186, TTP4:XVII(49):219. 

        E1:Wolfson:1:158UntenableHypothesis, Anti-Semitism.

Duty, D:1.34a, Altruism, Sacred, Commandment, Piety, ONE, Obedience & Self-interest,
       TTP1:V(55):75, TTP3:XV(3):190, TTP4:XVII(49):219, TTP4:XIX(39,42):249,      TTP3:XIV(17):183D1:HirLev 19:18.  

Ego, External, Id, E3:Def.II:129, EgoismBritannica, WikipediA,

'emotion' versus 'feelings', Neff, Britannica, WikipediA, Bk.XIV:1:xxii,  Bk.XIV:2:180,  Bk.III:241, 242.
°EMOTION, Modification, °JOY, BOREDOM, °SORROW, I:Table 1, I:Table 2,
        I:1.6, D:1.10ff, I:2.5c, Calculus:Fig.1(a), C:Fig.2,C:2.4, C:Fig.3, I:2.5c, E3:GenDef:185,
        E4:XIV(1):198, E4:XLI:217, E5:III:248, E5:XVII, EL:[53]:xxvi, EL:[56]:xxvii, EL:[57]:xxviii,
             ModeE3:General Definition of the Emotions [Affects]:185, Outlines of Psychology.


Neff, WikipediA,, Bk.VII:21:1, Bk.XIV:1:xiii.
ESSENCEBeingness(Essentia): Nature, °PERPETUATION, Includes,
                          E1:D.I:45. E2:D.II:82Bk.XV:26957E2:X(10)N2:89; Bk.XIV:1:144, 145. 


Wikipedia , Bk.XIV:1:xi, Bk.XIV:1:3.
Euclidean Geometrical Method, EL:[35]:xxi, Axiom, Calculus, I:1.3, D:1.5a,
       E3:Pfc(14):129, TTP1:V(66):76, E1:Parkinson:2601, Bk.III:154,188,189,1918, Bk.XIB:245.
       { The subtitle  of  the  Ethics  is  "ordine geometrico demonstrata" }            Durant:636

       EL:[3]:vi.Geometrical Method of "The Ethics".   Bk.XII:216; Bk.XIV:1:32; 58.

Neff, WikipediA , Bk.XIV:1:xiii, xiv.
EXISTENCE,G–D, No. 7, ETERNITY, E5:L29[4, 5](12):318,

External, ego, Id, Thing, I:1.8, I:1.11, E3:De.VI:175, E4:Axi:191, Gas

°FAITH, faith, °LOVE, INDIFFERENCE, °HATE, I:Table 1, Leap-of-faith, I:Table 3,

         I:1.7, I:1.11, D:1.23, D:1.24, D:1.26b, D:1.28, TTP3:XIV(23):184, Bk.X:56,

        CashValue, D2:Dijn:235, Grace, Free Will & Free Choice.

       [1200-50; ME feith < AF fed, OF feid, feit < L fidem, acc. of fides
        trust, akin to fidere to trust]

Fear, Awe, TTP1:IV(34):60, TTP1:IV(80):66, TTP1:IV(90):67

The translation "to fear the Lord" is unfortunate; better would be "awe":

Fences,Parochial, Hamshire:203b, Nationhood, One World,

Finite I:1.4, definition, idolatry, infinite, °RATIONAL, I:1.5c , EL:[41]:xxiii, Bk.XIV:1:133.

Neff, WikipediA , Bk.XIV:1:xvi, xxii, Bk.XIV:2:164, Bk.III:246.
Free-will, Volition, Free Choice, Determinism, Posit, Quibble, EL:[55]:xxvii, EL:[55]:xxvii,       EL:L22ff(74):299, Understanding, Neff L62(58):389, Bk.XIII:276276Neff L60(56):389,
100, Bk.XVII:167, Bk.XIV:2:164, E2:Wolfson:2:178, Pineal Gland, Durant65:177,       Circumstances, Taylor/Wheeler92:iii, Ripley:309. 

Function, Functionalism, Beauty, Ugly, Pragmatic, Cash Value, E4:Ap.30:242,
        Dawkins:276—Brains and Computers; FunctionalismCartoon. 

Games,Conatus, Escaped, Calculus:Fig. 2.

Neff, WikipediA, Bk.XIV:1:xiv .                              ] that is [
G–D or DEUS, ONE, G-D, or Nature, Nature, Being, Religion, Idolatry,

         Knowledge, Organic, Pragmatism, CashValue, PantheismG-d, Bk.X:56, Quibble

         Works, I:1.5c, I:2.5c, D:2.2, TTP3:XIII(16):177, E1:Def. I-VIII:45, E1:XIV:54,

         E5:XV:255,  New Wine in Old BottleE1:Wolfson:1:158; D1:HirLev 19:18.

         EL:[60]:xxix,LT:L36(23):345, Prejudice, Bk.XIB:246, 247{ sham }.

         Especially E1:Def. VI:45E1:Wolfson:1:158. Bk.III:189G:posit. ST:Note 4, E5:Spinoza's Daring.

Golden Rule+1+2, Categorical imperative, Enlightened self-interest, Altruism,
        Evolutionary ethics, Natural law, Confucianism, Organic, Important, Essay:5.   

         Neff                            Neff
Good and Bad, E1:(AP:47, 52):79, E3:IX(5):137, E4:(Prf:2):187, E4:(Prf:32):189, 
         E4:Def.I:190,  E4:XIX:202,  E4:LXV:231, E4:LXVIII:232, TEI:[12:2]:6,  Mark Twain, 
          TEI:[13:2]:6,  TTP4:XVI(21):202, EL:[45]:xxv, EL:[55]:xxvii, EL:[57]:xxviii, Evil (Satan).  

°HATE, I:Table 1, I:Table 3, °LOVE, I:1.7, I:1.13, D:1.31, I:2.5c,

        E3:XIII(3):140, E3:De.VI:175,E5:XVIIc:256.

Highest Good, Blessedness, E4:XXXVI(36:2n):211, E4:Ap.IV:237,
        E4:Ap.XXV:240, TEI:[12]:6, TEI:[25:IV]:10, TTP1:IV(25-37):59, Neff.  

Holy, Rational, Sacred, Worship, Revelation, Isaiah 6:3.

WkipediA, Britannica
Hypothesis, posit, axiom, dogma, knowledge, ONE, pragmatic, truth, Pagan, I:2.1, D:2.5d,
       D:2.6, D:2.6dD:2.11, Cash Value , BkX:56, TTP2:Note 8, TEI:[62]:23Infinite, Induction,
       DeductionIntuitionScientific Method, Religion,Belief, Leap of Faith, Determinism.  

Id, external, ego, E3:Def.II:129.

Neff, Bk.XIV:1:xxi-3.
Idea, Adequate, Confused, Perception, E2:Def.III:82, E2:XLIX:120, E2:XLIX(13):121.

Neff, WikipediA,
Idolatry, Profane, G-D, Noachide Laws, Three injunctions, Superstition+1, Pagan,                  Religion, Nationalism, Perverted Pantheism, Pragmatism, Quibble, Dogma+1.  

INDIFFERENCE,I:Table 3, I:1.7b, I:1.13A, D:1.36d, D:1.37

Induction, I:2.1, Compare DEDUCTIONPeter Berger.

Neff, WikipediA, Bk.XIV:1:xiii .
Infinite, G-D only is infinite, finite, idolatry, °RATIONAL, I:1.4,TEI:[89]:33, Sham ,                 NeffE5:L29(12):317Spinoza's famous letter on the Infinite, Indivisible, Bk.XIV:1:133.  

Insight, I:1.2a, Intuition, Revelation & Prophecy, Spinoza, Awareness, Artistic Import, CashValue  

Neff, Bk.XIV:1:xxv.
Intellectual Love of G-D, Love of G-D, Mysticism, Awareness, Organic, TEI:[10]:5,        E5:XXXII(2):263, E5:XXXIII:263, E5:XXXV:264, E5:XXXVI:264, E5:XXXVII:266, Love,      TTP1:IV(25-37):59, EL:[60]:xxix, EL:Endnote xxix:1A, CashValue, Einstein, Buber:127,

       {The intellectual awareness of the organic interdependence of all parts of the ONE
          is what Spinozism calls the enlightening Intellectual Love of G-D.}

Neff, WikipediA,
Intuition, Insight, Revelation, Mysticism, Artistic Import, I:2.1, D:2.5d, TTP2:VII(170):116,
        E4:Ap.IV:237, E5:XXXVI(8):265, Power of Intuition, Bk.XIV:2:155.  

WikipediA, 'emotion' versus 'feelings'
°JOY, I:Table 1, °PLEASURE,I:Table 2, Introduction, I:1.6, I:1.9, D:1.13, D:1.13N,                  D:1.18ff, E3:XI(2):138, E3:De.III(1):174, E3:De.V:175,TEI:[109]:40, Happy. 

WikipediA, Bk.XIV:1:xxi, Reality Curve.
Knowledge, I:2.1, D:2.2, E1:Shirley:609,E4:Dijn:247- 8,  E4:XXVIII:205,
        E5:XXV:260, E5:XXVIII:261, E5:XXXIII:263, E5:XXXVI(8):265, TEI:[19]:8, Bk.III:51-58,
        EL:[34]:xxi, EL:[51]:xxvi, EL:[60]:xxix, Imagination, Reason, Intuition.  

WikipediA, Reality Curve
°LOVE, °HATE, Charity, I:Table 3, Altruism, Introduction, ONE, Pity, I:1.7, I:1.13,
        D:1.28b, D:1.33ff, E3:XIII(3)n:140, E4:XLIV:218, E4:Ap.XIX:240, E5:XVIIc:256,
        TEI:[9]:5, TEI:[109]:40, Loves G-D , D1:HirLev 19:18, Bk.XIB:22175.  


                                               Bk.XIV:1:xxv.   Bk.XII:286; Bk.XVIII:345;Bk.XX:189.
LOVE of G-D, Intellectual Love of G-DPragmatism, Mysticism, Altruism,
         EL:[40]:xxii, EL:[59]:xxviii, TTP3:XII(61):172, E5:XVI:255, E5:XX(1):256, E5:XXXVI:264,       E5:XXXVI(6):265, Cash Value, D1:HirLev 19:18, HirPent: Gn 43:14. Bk.XIB:252155.  

Marginal Value, Reality Curve, Intensity of emotion, Cash Value, Affluent. pg. 140.

Neff, Bk.VII:23:6,Bk.XIV:1:xii, xv, xviii; Reality Curve
Mode, Shirley:2821, EL:[43, 46]:xxiv, E1:XV(1):55, E1:XXIII:65, E2:VI:86, Bk.VIII:94[3],
              Neff - E5:L29[5](12):318, Infinite ModesBk.XII:187, Bk.XIV:1:224,Bk.XX:188.  

          E1:Def.V:45 {NeffEL:L04(04):282, Bk.XIII:113. }

Morality, Spinoza's Religion, Robinson3:189.


WikipediAMy Definition.
Mysticism, Loves G-D, Deus, Rapture, Organic, PantheismG-d, Awareness, Kabbala,
         Bk.III:260—Clay, Intellectual Love of G-D, PcM, Schorsch, I:2.7c, EL:[8]:ix, Martin Buber,         EL:[59]:xxviii, EL:[60]:xxix, Cosmic religious feelingE5:Dijn:258; E5:Deleuze:130a,             Definition, Neurons,Soul, Kabbala—Sefirot,

        Mysticism  is  that INTERACTING TOTALITY  (a verb, a process, Being) that is more
                          than the sum of the parts of an organism. 
                          It is the interacting, organic totality that is the 'more.' Without the interaction,
                          the parts are just door-stops, Examples.  

        Consciousness is merely that INTERACTING TOTALITY (a verb, a process, Being)
        that is more than the sum of the body controls and thoughts. (If there are no body
        controls and no thought; the organism is dead and no consciousness.)          Robinson4:156,169, FunctionalismComputer, Dr. Damasio. 


    See Bk.XIII:387 for an "Index of Topics" in the Letters.
    See Bk.III:284 for an "Index of Subjects".
    See Bk.XVIII:386 for an "Index of Topics".
    The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy{ An example of the Internet's potential. }

    Analogy+Worm+Skin+1+Spiritual, Better °PcM+1Burden of TTP,  Cash Value,
    CauseCommon Notions+1+2+3, Conjecture, Constitution+1, Consumption Curve,
    Def. of a Created and Uncreated Things, Def. of the Emotions, Determinism+1+2+3
    Divine Law, Dogmas of Universal Faith, Alcoholics Anonymous's Creed,
    Eternity of the Mind, Eternal Truth, Fences+1, Fetish, Free Man, Games,
    Garden of Eden, G-d at < 100% °P, General Def. Emotions, G-D-intoxicated Man,
    Holidays, How to Live, Human Fiction & Universal Application, Idea of G-D,
    Immortality+1+2+3, Intellectual Love of G-D, Interpreting Scripture, Judging+1+2+3,
    Knowledge, Leap-of-Faith+1, Legitimate Desire, Letter List, Liberty, Love,
    Man's Highest Good+1+2, Mind's Power over the Emotions, Martyr Laws,
    Nature and Miracles+1, New in Spinoza, New Wine in Old Bottles+1+2,
    Noahide Laws+1, Pagan, Parts and Whole, Reality Curve, Religion+1+2+3,
    Right Way of Living+1+2,  Salvation+W+1, Scriptural History, Sexual Morality,
    Doctrine of No Free-Will, Spinoza's Insights Embedded in Hebrew Words,
    Spinoza's Excommunication Document, Spinoza's Condemnation by the State.
    Spinoza's attitude toward Christianity, Spinoza and Christianity,
    SpinozaFaith versus Philosophy (Reason)+1, Suggestions, Synthesizing Spirit and Materialism, Talmud+1+Torah+1+2+3+4+5+6, Ten Commandments; Exo 20:1, Deu 5:5,
    True Good+1+2True Idea and TEI:L64, True Religion, Golden Rule,
    True Virtue. What is New in Spinoza+JBY additionHarbinger+1.
    Understanding human actions.
    Finally: every headword in this Glossary.

Understanding Spinoza Topics:  Important, Motive, Analogy.

 Spinozistic Insights Embedded in Biblical Hebrew Words.

WikipediA, Britannica.
Nature (Natura), Deus, G-Dand Nature, ST:Note 4, PantheismG-d, E4:II:192,

        First law of human nature, EL:[41]:xxiii, EL:[43]:xxiv, EL:L21(73):298.

Objective, E4:XVII:199, E4:XIX:202, E1:Shirley:609, Calculus:6.2b & c.

ONE, G-D, DEUS, Organic, Pragmatism, Universal Doctrine, Duty, Pagan, Popkin:71,
       EL:[37]:xxii, E1:XIV.Coroll.:55, TTP2:VII(50):104, TTP3:XII(61):172, D2:Dijn:235,
       Bk.X:62, PantheismG-d, Mysticism, Bk.XIB:247142{ sham },  D1:HirLev19:18.  

WikipediA, Britannica.
Pagan , Idolatry , PantheismG-d, Holidays , Religion , ONE , Organic


°PAIN , °SORROW, Passive, E3:XI(2):138, EL:[55]:xxvii,

Britannica, WikipediA.   Bk.XVIII:369p24.                              E5:Bk.XIB:11041.
Pantheism, G-DG-d, ONE, Pragmatism, Schechinah, Panentheism, Omnipresent,
        Bk.XVIII:32Bk.XIV:II:39, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Damasio, John Toland,

Paradigm, World ViewDuck or Rabbit, Paradigm Shifts, Category Mistake,
        JBYnote1Useless CorrespondenceProf. Hall,

Neff, Bk.XIV:1:xxiii.
Passive, Active, E3:11.2n:138,E1:XXIX(10):69, E3:I:130, E4:II:192,
        E4:Ap.II:236, E5:IV(7):249, EL:[54]:xxvi, Calculus:6.2b & c.

        E3:D.II:129 Bk.XIV:2:1931; Bk.XIX:218b.

WikipediA, Britannica
° PEACE-OF-MIND {°PcM = Spinoza's acquiescence of spirit or mind or soul}, EL:[60]:xxix, Bk.XIV:2:311.
          RELIGION, TEI:Dijn:14, MarkTwain's Man's Sole and Master Impulse, Buddhism's Nirvana.

Perception, Conception, I:2.1, TEI: [19]:8, Bk.III:50, TEI: [50ff]:18, E2:XLIX(42):123.

Neff                                                        Reality Curve
°PERFECTION (°P) =°REALITY;  includes, COMPLETION,       
        I:Table 1, I:1.4b, I:1.5b, D:1.8, D:1.14, D:1.30, E4:Prf.(32):190.            LT:L3421:336

°PERPETUATION (°P), Conatus, Secret, I:Table 1, ONE, I:1.4ff, D:1.7ff,
        D:1.14, D:1.16, D:1.24, D:1.32, E4:XVIII(9):20, TEI:[109]:40, Bk XIV:2:178,
         Increased or Diminished, Immortality+1, Peace-of-Mind, Mark Twain, Langer.

        E3:VI:136E3:VII:136, E4:XXII(3)c:203.

Bk.III:250.     see
Pity, Charity, °LOVE, CompassionMercyAltruism, Misercordia, Grace,                  Sympathy, E4:L:22, Justice, Equity, Organic, Mark Twain.  

°PLEASURE, °JOY, Peace-of-Mind, Passive, E3:XI(2):138, E4:XLI:217,
       E5:Endnote 18:3N, EL:[55]:xxvii, G:Notes 1 & 2,


WikipediA, Britannica                                                                                                                                                      Bk.XIV:1:xxi.
Pragmatism, D:2.6c, I:2.5, BeliefDogma, Idea, Posits, Eternal Truth, Salutary,
        C:2.5, TTP1:V(71):77, TTP3:XIV(39):185, TTP3:XIV(64):188, James:65, EL:[34]:xxi,
        EL:[39]:xxiiiEL:[57]:xxviii, EL:[64]:xxxi, Quibble, Sham, Disclaimer, Andy, Darwin,
        The Pragmatic Method, Scientific Method, Britannica's treatment of pragmatism.  

Quantum Mechanics, Einstein.

Rapture, Loves G-D, Deus, Organic, PantheismG-d, Spiritual, Grace.

°RATIONAL, Reason+1, °LOVE, Fear, D:1.9a, D:1.32a, E4:LIX(1):227, E4:Ap.V:237,
        E4:Ap.VIII:238, E4:Ap.IX:238, E5:IV(7):249, Objective, Subjective, Good, E1:Shirley:609,           Rationalism, Holy.  

WikipediA, Britannica,
°REALITY= °PERFECTION, Includes, E3:(GN:8 & 9):185, E4:Prf.(32):190.
        I define 'real' that which is a product (mode, G-d) of cause and effect.  

       From Bk.VII:2718 Reality (realitas) and Perfection (perfectio).              Durant:637

WikipediA, Britannica, Bk.XIV:1:xxv.
Religion, Scripture, Belief, Pragmatic, Theology, Idolatry, Quibble,D:2.1, EL:L21:298,
        TTP1:V(55):75, TTP3:XV(62):195, TTP4:XVII(49):219, Holidays, EL:[4]:vi, Bk.XXI,
        E1:Wolfson:1:158, 216, Philosophy of Religion, Bk.XIA:6967Skepticism, G-D, Universal,
        Dogma, Intuition, Philosophy/ReligionGovernment, Anti-Semitism, Psychology,
        Mark Twain. 

WikipediA, Britannica,
Spinozism, G-D, G-d, Spinoza's Religion, Albert Schweizer:79,

RighteousnessPiety, Justice, Charity,Organic, TTP1:V(18):71, TTP2:VII(63):105.

Right Way of Living, How to live, Man's highest goodLoves G-D,
        E3:GN:2NE4:xlvi:220E4:xlvi(3)n:232E5:X(3 to19):252.

WikipediABritannica,                     Bk.III:14, 191, 214, 253.    SCR:Dijn:238-239,  E5:Wolfson:2:3112.
° SALVATION, °Peace of mind, °Blessedness, Bliss, Serenity, Religion, Immortality+1
                All the above mean "to be saved from frustration by the LOVE of G-D."
        TTP3:XV(94):198, E5:XXXVI(3)n:265, E5:XLII(1):270, E5:XLII(9):270, Bk.X:56.

WikipediA, Britannica,
Scripture, Religion, Holy, Obedience, Justice, Neff EL:L25(78):305, EL:[65]:xxxi,
        TTP1:V(64):76, TTP1:V(71):77, TTP3:XIII(7):176, TTP3:XIV(8,9,&10):183,
        TTP3:XV(94):198, E4:XXXV:209, TL:L34(21):337, Neff EL:L74(76):419.  

WikipediA, Britannica, Introduction.
Self-interest , °LOVE, Altruism, E4:XVIII(15):201, E4:XXXIV:208, E4:XXXVII(18):213,
      E4:LXXIII:235, E4:Ap.VIII:238, E4:Ap.IX:238, TEI:[14:3]:6, TTP4:XVI(10):201, D:1.33b,
      EL:[57]:xxviii, EL:[61]:xxx, this-worldly blessedness, high-minded, self-serving, MarkTwain.  

Sexual Morality, Games, Lust, Self-interest, E4:Ap.XIX:240, E4:Ap.XX:240,

        EL:[58]:xxviii, EL:[61]:xxx, HirPs 19:10.

Sin, Idolatry, Sacred, Commandment, Duty, I:1.9, I:10, D:1.10b, E4:XXXVII(31):214,
         TTP1:1(91):22, Bk.XIII:347, LT:L32(19):331, Bk.XIV:1:4395LT:L36(23):347.  


                "But," you urge, "if men sin from the necessity of their nature,           Mark Twain
                 they are therefore excusable."                             { self-interest }           Ryle:20

WikipediA, 'emotion' versus 'feelings'
°SORROW, I:Table 1, I:Table 2, I:1.6, I:1.10, D:1.15, D:1.16, D:1.18, I:2.5c, E3:XI(2):138.

Soul, Being, Consciousness, Mind=Soul, GDEpassivity of the soul, 5P27contentment of           mind, 5P27{contentment  of soul}, Prf:17disturbances of the soul, Britannica, Damasio.  

Spectrum, I:1.3b, I:1.6b, Calculus:Fig.1(a), C:Fig.1(b), Part and Whole, Transition.


               Substance absolutely infinite is indivisible. { E1:XV(40):58}


Subjective, TEI:[33:3,Note1]:12(objectivus), E4:XVII:199, E4:XIX:202, Calculus:6.2b & c.

          Irrational False Subjectiveness; liking junk food = Subjectivity.
        Rational True Subjectiveness; liking healthy food = Objectivity.  

WikipediA, Bk.VII:22:3,Bk.XIV:1:xiii.
SUBSTANCE , G–D, Mode, Bk.X:43, TEI:[33:3]:12,EL:[42]:xxiii, E1:XIII:54,
        E1:XV(40):58, Sham, Infinite, Neff - EL:L04
(04):282, Neff - E5:L29(12):318.

Thing (res), External, Nature, TEI:[95]:35, E1:Def.II:45, E1:Def.VII:46, Reality Curve, Soul.

Transcendent: Deus, 1Ax3, 4, 5, 1P3, Wolfson:1:90-transcendent, Ghost-in-the-Machine,

Transition, I:1.6b , I:1.7, Spectrum , EL:Wolfson:2:3084.

°UGLINESS , Calculus:Fig.1(b), °BEAUTY, I:2.5c, E1:Shirley:609

Understanding, By Careful Definitions, By Hypothesizing and Testing, Artistic Import.
         Leap of Faith, 1Ax4, 4AP.IV, TEI[16], TEI[92], Damasio, Weinphal:104, Robinson3:15.

Velocity, I:Table 1, I:1.3, I:1.6.

WikipediA, Bk.XIV:1:xxiii, xxiv.
Virtue, Power of activity, EL:[61]:xxx, E5:XXV:260, E5:XLI(1):269.

         E4:Def.VIII:191On Virtue.          E5:Dijb:257- 8.

WikipediA, Britannica , Bk.XIV:1:xvi, xxii, Bk.XIV:2:164 .
Volition, Free-will, Quibble, EL:[48]:xxv, EL:[52]:xxvi, EL:[55]:xxvii.
        NeffEL:L02(02):276,   Determinism, TL:L22ff(74):299, E1:XXXII:70, A watch.  

World-View, Paradigm, Prof. Hall, Bertrand Russell, JBYnote1Useless Correspondence,
        Duck or Rabbit, Theistic / Spinozistic-Theistic, Gestalt, Mark Twain, Religion, PcM,

Worship/Pray, Service, Learning, Pollock, Cash Value, Micah 6:8.

JBY Endnotes

New  wine  in  old  bottlesE1:Wolfson:1:158, 1:216, Bk.XIB:230, Artscroll:455,
                                                      denial of Traditional idea.
Religion  is  an  hypothesis  that  constantly  evolves  to purer and purer
forms  of   monotheism.    As  an  example, study  how  Holiday  themes         Salvation[7]
were  re-interpreted  as   Paganism   evolved   into Judaism, Christianity,
and, I conjecture,  will  in  turn  (with other Religions of the world)  evolve     Dawkins:192:Genes[4]
into G-D"The Universal Religion {E5:Deleuze:130a.} and the United States of the World."
ES:N8, Dogmas of Universal Faith, Evolution of the concept of G-D results in the re-interpretation of Holidays.
                                  See MW for the Hebrew words.
                       PAGAN                                       JUDAISM                     CHRISTIANITY               UNIVERSAL RELIGION
                                        Encyclopædia Britannica Online— Grace AND Religion and Roman Religion.                                        A  CONJECTURE

               CELEBRATION OF LIGHT.                                 LIGHTING THE MENORAH             CHRISTMAS LIGHTS                              LIGHTS
         NOT LOSING THE SUN FOREVER.                                      & GIFTS                                      & GIFTS                                         &  GIFTS
Pagan Winter Solstice Festival -----> Hanukkah --------> Christmas------> Nature Renewal Day

       RENEWAL AND PLANTING                                                   FREEDOM                          RESURRECTION                           FREEDOM FROM TYRANNY
Pagan Spring Festival ----------------> Passover ----------> Easter----------->  Man Renewal Day

                   TIME FOR                                                        DESCENT OF THE LAW                 DESCENT OF THE                 UNITED STATES OF THE WORLD
    PHILOSOPHICAL REFLECTION                                            ON MT. SINAI                              HOLYSPIRIT                               CONSTITUTION DAY
Pagan Free Time Festival ----------------> Shavuoth----------> Pentecost-------> United Nations Day
    Between Planting and Harvesting?
                CELEBRATION                                                 HARVESTING BOOTHS                            FEASTING                          FEASTING and FORGIVING
Pagan Harvest Festival --------------> Sukkoth-----------> Thanksgiving-------> Thanksgiving
                                                                          Britannica—progress                          ^  

I  conjecture  that  the  holidays  of the coming Universal Religion will be    <    A conjecture
purged of literal miracles, imagery, and deified figures; all of which make
fences   (a  different  'world view' for expressing the "Oneness"  of  G-D)       Duck or Rabbit
between  neighbors  and  peoples  of  the  world.  These  fences  are  a        Hampshire:209f
violation  of  the  Third  Commandment, Deu. 5:8—"You  shall  not make
for yourself a carved image..."   

It  is  the  increasingly  electronic-age-caused  unification  that will make
these fences (incompatible protocols) more and more onerous.
TEI:[14]:6. Bk.XIA:199; E5:Deleuze:130a.
The United Nations  is  today  in  the  analogous  position of The United            Runes:v
States  of  America at the time of its founding. The USA had to overcome
the power of individual states to achieve the power it has today. Likewise
The United Nations   will  likewise  overcome  the power of  the sovereign           Conclusion
states  in  time,  because  of  the  inescapable trend of history; those who
oppose it will become irrelevant.

Shirley's Bk.XI:42    From Introduction by  Brad S. Gregory  to
                         "Baruch Spinoza; Tractatus Theologico-Politicus"  

[End]  New wine in old bottles.

Cash (effective) Value. { See Pragmatism: Lecture II - What Pragmatism Means from Bk.X:28.}
Continued from verbal quibble { speculation }.

William James's Bk.X:xiv.  From Introduction by Bruce Kuklick.

[End] - Verbal quibble.

William James's Bk.X:56Free-will  { Volition, Bk.XIII[78]:347, Determinism,
                                                                           Pragmatism, Quibble, Cash Value.}

[1]  Free-will thus has no  meaning unless it  be  a  doctrine  of  relief.
As such,  it  takes  its  place with other religious doctrines.   Between
them,  they build up the old wastes and repair the former desolations.
Our  spirit,  shut  within this courtyard of sense-experience, is always
saying to the intellect upon the tower: "Watchman, tell us of the night,
if it aught of promise bear," and the intellect gives it then these terms
of promise.  

[2Other  than  this  practical  significance, the words God, free-will,
design,  etc.,  have  none.   Yet  dark  tho  they  be in themselves, or
intellectualistically   taken,   when   we  bear  them  into  life's  thicket
with us the darkness there grows light about us.   If you stop,  in deal-
ing  with  such  words,  with  their  definition,  thinking  that  to  be  an
intellectual finality, where are you?   Stupidly staring at a pretentious
sham! "Deus est Ens, a se, extra et supra omne genus, necessarium,
unum, infinite perfectum, simplex, immutabile, immensum, aeternum,       Susanne K. Langer
intelligens,"   etc.,—wherein  is  such  a  definition  really  instructive?
It  means   less   than   nothing,  in  its  pompous  robe  of  adjectives.
Pragmatism  alone  can  read  a  positive meaning into it, and for that
she  turns  her  back  upon  the intellectualist point of view altogether.
"God's  in  his  heaven;  all's  right  with  the  world!"—That's the real
heart of our theology,  and for that you need no rationalist definitions.
{ ^ Peace of-Mind }

[3Why shouldn't all of us, rationalists as well as pragmatists, confess
this?  Pragmatism,  so  far  from  keeping her eyes bent on the immedi-       Susanne K. Langer
ate  practical  foreground,  as  she  is  accused of doing, dwells just as
much upon the world's remotest perspectives.  

[4 See then how all these ultimate questions turn,  as it were, upon
their hinges;   and  from looking backwards upon principles, upon an
erkenntnisstheoretische  Ich,  a God, a Kausalitatsprinzip, a Design,
Free-will,  taken  in  themselves, as something august and exalted
above  facts,see,  I  say,  how pragmatism shifts the emphasis and
looks forward into facts themselves.    The really vital question for us
all is, What is this world going to be?   What is life eventually to make
of  itself?   The centre of gravity of philosophy must therefore alter its
place.   The  earth  of  things, long thrown into shadow by the glories
of  the  upper ether, must resume its rights.   To shift the emphasis in
this  way  means  that  philosophic questions will fall to be treated by
minds  of  a  less  abstractionist  type  than  heretofore,  minds  more
scientific  and  individualistic  in  their  tone  yet  not  irreligious either.       Philosophy/Religion
It  will  be  an  alteration  in  "the seat of authority" that  reminds  one
almost   of   the   Protestant   reformation.   And  as,  to  papal  minds,
Protestantism  has often seemed a mere mess of anarchy and confu-
sion,  such,  no  doubt, will pragmatism often seem to ultra-rationalist
minds  in  philosophy.    It will seem so much sheer trash,  philosophi-
cally.   But  life  wags  on,  all the same,  and compasses its ends, in
Protestant countries. I venture to think that philosophic Protestantism
will compass a not dissimilar prosperity.

[End - James's pragmatism]

{Quibble, Speculation (conjectural consideration of a matter).
        Transient or Immanent G-D, Freewill or No Freewill speculations are all
        hypotheticalPragmatism, Dogma, I:2.8c , I:2.13b , Cash Value , Sham

A contradiction with the speculation (hypothesis) of a transcendent G-D:

A speculation (hypothesis) that there is freewill is more pedagogical in
that it establishes a logical basis for:
        1.  teaching to make more effort.
        2.  praise or blame (award or punishment}

Rabbinic Judaism  very rarely,  if ever, concerns itself with speculative     Talmud and Miracles
matters.  It concerns itself with the study of the law and its observance;            Runes9
much  as  a  lawyer  does  today.  It  posits  G-D as an axiom and goes
on from there with no further metaphysical discussion. A citizen accepts        Spinozistic Idea
his constitution as an axiom and goes on from there.

E-mail for clarification request, disagreement, or suggestion.





         Since November 6, 1997   Glossary and Index hits. 


    Revised: September 20, 2006

    "A Dedication to Spinoza's Insights"